The Collins of Chard

The Collins of Chard

In the West Country lies the town of Chard, not far from a grassy mound - the remains of a ditch and earthworks. This ditch gave the road its name Fosse Way. Chard’s geographical position, close to two rivers, was on a trade route. The Enclosure Acts replaced the old ‘open field’ system… a system that helped achieve proper drainage, crop rotation, and hedging. In 1648, the Manor of Chard was taken away from the church and kings steward and given to Col Nathaniel Whetham, as part payment for services rendered. The manor was land granted by the king as an inheritance subject to the performance of such services and yearly rents - as were specified. The Collins was a family long established in Chard and its sub-Manor Tatworth. Their life was a reflection of many others that made-up England’s rural heritage - serving the land and working in the mill.

Click to view PDF. Click to play audio.
CHAPTER SUBJECT KEY
Page Count - 119 Word Count - 38,624
Setting the scene.
I. THE COLLINS OF CHARD: - 'Workers of the Land' - Gloucestershire Poll Tax 1381 - The Lord of Chard Manor - Sir William Petre - The open field system - Minerals - Clay tobacco pipes - Tin Miners - Ironmongers - The Smithy
II. COTTAGE INDUSTRIES: - Shoe Making - Parrocks Lodge - Weaving - Lace Making - Power Looms - Enclosure - Common Land - Canal - Chard Road Station - Perry Street - The Mill - Creamery - Educating Children - The General Strike
III. TATWORTH VILLAGE: - Sub Manor - Middle Field Land Distribution - Settlement Laws - People's Common Rights - The Gentry - Limekilns - Village Status - High Farming - Social Changes - The Great Exhibition - The Local Gentry
IV. ROSALIE COTTAGE: - 'Lying In' - The Coombes - The Poppe Inn - Rural Matters - Skittles - Village Crime - Increased Population - Agricultural advances - Old order disrupted - New society - The 'old' order - Corn Laws
V. RELIGIOUS FERVOUR: - Six religious houses - New church - The churching for women - Churching for women - Health Warnings - Social Mores - The workhouse - The general strike - Tobacco smoking - The depression
VI. MASTER OF THE HOUSEHOLD: - Harry Collins - Water Lake & The Ford - Perry Street - The Butter Factory - South Chard - The Railway Station - The Bridge - The River Bank - Cottage Gardens