History of Art

History of Art

Yaroslav, the son of Vladimir the Great, the first Rus, embraced the Christian religion in 988. The following year the church of The Holy Wisdom was built and consecrated. Yaroslav the Wise intended to create a rival city to Constantinople called Tsargrad or The New Rome in 990. He supplied the means to instigate the foundation of a truly great city of Novgorod to the young feudal state of Kievan Rus or Ukraine, eventually becoming, ‘The Mother of all Russian cities’, in 1037. His interests included all the arts; this prompted the recruitment of teachers and skilled craftsmen who were supplied by the Greek Emperor of Byzantium as a wedding gift… thereafter monks and monasteries blossomed and flourished. This was the start of a five-hundred year development of the Novgorod School with its Abstract Style of religious art. Follow the steps necessary to produce a panel painting using the same method and materials.

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CHAPTER SUBJECT KEY
Page Count - 46 Word Count - 12,372
Setting the scene.
I. RELIGIONS OF THE MIDDLE EAST & EUROPE: - Paganism - Judaism - Christian - Islamic - Western Orthodox - Sects & Schisms
II. EASTERN - EUROPEAN HISTORY: Development of existing wall painting - Fresco's on plaster - Christianity
III. GREEK CITY OF BYZANTINE: - Christianity forced out - The founding Istanbul - Iranian tribes
IV. THE INFLUENCE OF KIEV: - Capital of Ukraine - Conversion of Vladimir - Kievan Rus - Tsargrad
V. VLADIMIR & YAROSLAV: - Father of the People - Mother of Russian Cities - Abstract Style - Greek Influence Decoration of churches
VI. PANEL PAINTING: - Subjects and symbols - Adapting fresco & mosaic art forms - Transportable The significance of Icons
VII. EVOLUTION OF THE NATIONAL STYLE: - Mannered - Message of Redemption - Islamic Pressure Moscow predominates
PART 2: THE PROJECT
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B.
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F.
G
H.

Tools, Materials & Construction
Selection of wood, Making the panel
Applying Gesso
Scraping & Sanding
Priming and sizing
Tracing & Applying Guidelines
Impasto Work
Applying the binder
PART 3: PAINTING SEQUENCE The outer frame, headboard, cloak lining, ascending steps, sleeves, mantle, cloak, face, hands and feet, gold Braid, outlining, varnishing, backing the frame.